Category Archives: Call for chapters

Call for Manuscripts: Annual Review of the Sociology of Religion, Volume 14 (Forthcoming 2023)

Annual Review of the Sociology of Religion, Volume 14 (Forthcoming 2023)

The Sociology of Yoga, Meditation, and Asian Asceticism

Edited by Lionel Obadia (University of Lyon 2) and Enzo Pace (University of Padova)

The irresistible yet unexpected diffusion at a global scale and appropriation of yoga, meditation and ascetic practices are undoubtedly key features of the changing landscape of religion at the turn of the 20th and 21st centuries. It comes under a variety of forms, from traditional and community-based ritualized practices to individualized and secularized techniques of well-being. These techniques have infused first alternative religiosities and finally mainstream religions, beyond all geographic, social and cultural boundaries, and affected them more or less deeply. The ascetic techniques definitely lie in the heart of the “spiritual revolution” described by Heelas and Woodhead in the mid-2000s, and the “spiritual turn” operating in religious studies in parallel.

For the moment, research devoted to yoga, meditation, and introspective bodily techniques have mainly been conducted in the domain of psychology and mind sciences, history and cultural areas. Sociological approaches remain scarce and disseminated. Yet, since Weber’s pioneering works, asceticism is far from being unknown in sociology. This special issue aims at mapping the empirical forms of yoga, meditation and introspective techniques expanding worldwide; exploring new conceptual and methodological discussions in sociology of religions; questioning the possibility to circumscribe a specific sub-field in the sociology of religions, devoted to modern Asian-inspired ascetic practices.

Topics might include, but are by no means limited to:  
– the role of new technologies in the diffusion and transformation of yoga and meditation
– the impacts of meditative and introspective techniques on representations and uses of the body in modernity
– the role of orientalism and eastern imagination in the transformation of religious practices, beliefs, and religious systems
– sociological variations among users (class, gender, regions, cultural backgrounds…)
– moral and symbolic economies of well-being and spirituality in relation to ascetic techniques
– impacts on the conception of religion, adherence, commitment and other dimensions of religious life
– transformations of broader sociological theories 

Please send proposals (400 words) and a brief bio to Lionel Obadia ( lionel.obadia@univ-lyon2.fr )

Deadline Submission of proposals: June 30, 2021

Deadline Notification of acceptance: September 30, 2021

Deadline completed manuscripts (7,000 words): April 30, 2022

Call for Chapter: “Youths in Contemporary Global Order”

The Youths in Contemporary Global Order: Exclusions, Ramifications and Pathways

Expected Year of Publication: 2022

The remit of this book is examination of existentialities of youths within current global arrangements to practically engage issues around realities of youth’s exclusion, the complex consequences of the exclusion and sustainable pathways out of the trajectories of youth exclusion. This book intends to addresses issues around youths from a global perspective. Issues to be addressed in this book are as tangents of existential exclusion of the youths from the mainframe of the current global order around the world.

Researches, experiences and observations of over two decades have proven how youths, as a category, struggle to survive and be relevant within current global systemic and institutional arrangements. Youths in contemporary world appear trapped, strategically excluded and helplessly frustrated by the main supposedly supportive institutional frameworks of society. This current situation relative to the youths across the world is a major existential and generational problem.

Yet, there are no enough works in Sociology of Youths on this area of youths and social/institutional exclusion around the world. Intellectual works are particularly lacking on relevant and specific existential issues that confront the youths, how the issues affect the youths, their bearing with exclusion and the pathways out of these issues. This book will fill important gaps on youth’s existentialities from global perspectives. The issues engaged in this book are addressed from practical, pragmatic intellectual and policy perspectives.

This book will provide original materials, literature and data that are currently unavailable. This book will be cuing edge and innovative as a major contribution to knowledge.

About The Editor
Ọláyínká Àkànle (PhD), o.akanle@ui.edu.ng
Department of Sociology, University of Ibadan, Nigeria & Research Associate, Department of Sociology, Faculty of Humanities, University of Johannesburg, South Africa.

How To Submit Your Abstract/Chapter
Interested authors/contributors should please send abstracts and full papers as email attachments to yakanle@yahoo.com (with copies to olayinkaakanle75@gmail.com, o.akanle@ui.edu.ng). Chapter preparation format is Time New Romans 12 single line spacing. Abstract should be about 150 words and full chapter should be 5,000 and 7, 000 words.

Deadline
The deadline for submission of abstract is 30th April, 2021. It is however noteworthy that review and acceptance will be on rolling and continuous basis. Once sufficient excellent chapters are received on proposed themes/topics (above), no more chapters will be received/accepted on the themes/chapters. Abstracts and chapters should normally include proposed title of chapters, name/s, functional email addresses and institutional affiliations of author/s. Submission of abstracts and full chapters are now open.

AASR December Newsletter

The Journal for the Academic Study of Religion Vol. 33 no. 2 is out now. Current members of AASR can access it here. For those who missed the AASR 2020 Digital Conference, we will update on session recordings in Jan/Feb 2021. Meanwhile, have a wonderful summer break and 2021 ahead.
 
Call for Papers:

Conferences
36th ISSR/SISR ‘Religion in Global/Local Perspectives: Diffusion, Migration, Transformation’ Conference, 12-15 July 2021 (digital only), Taipei, Taiwan. Call for papers revised: 8 January to 28 February 2021. More info
Center for Critical Research on Religion and Queens University Belfast, conference on “Critical Approaches to the Study of Religion”, 11-14 June 2021. Proposal deadline 15 January 2021. More info.
NEW Australian Political Studies Association Annual Conference 2021, 20-22 September 2021. Abstract deadline 3 May 2021. More info
3rd ANU Religion Conference – Religion and Migration: Culture and Policy. Canberra, 8-10 December 2021. Proposal deadline 21 May 2021. More info 

Publications
Call for Book Proposals in Modern East Asian Religion and Culture
Call for papers for the International Journal for the Study of New Religions
Call for paper for a thematic issue of Religion: Emic Categories and New Paths / Case Studies in the Scholarly Use of Indigenous Concepts (working title). Deadline Feb 2021. 
Call for papers: Special Issue on “Historizing Islamophobia”. Deadline February 2021. 
Call for papers: Special Issue “Female Mystics and the Divine Feminine in the Global Sufi Experience”. Deadline 1 July 2021. 
Opportunities:
2021 ATF Theological Book Prize. Submission by 31 March 2021. More info. 
Research Associate in Social Contexts of Rebellion in the Early Islamic Period, University of Hamburg Institute of Asian and African Studies
Postdoctoral Researcher in Qur’an and Aramaic Christianity, University of Tubingen Department of Religious Studies
PhD Position in Jewish Studies, University of Tubingen Department of Religious Studies
Assistant Professor in Religious Studies, New York University
Latest Publications:

Balthrop-Lewis, Alda 2021. Thoreau’s Religion: Walden Woods, Social Justice, and the Politics of Asceticism. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 

Carole M. Cusack and James R. Lewis 2020. Mass Suicides and Mass Homicides: Collective Violence and the Demise of New Religious Movements. In The Demise of Religions: How Religions End, Die or Dissipate, edited by Michael Stausberg, Stuart A. Wright, and Carole M. Cusack, 175-190. Bloomsbury, London. 
 
McPhillips, Kathleen, and Naomi Goldenberg (eds) 2021. The End of Religion: Feminist Reappraisals of the State. Routledge, London.

Milad, Milani, and Vassilios Adrahtas (eds) 2021. Islam, Civility and Political Culture. Springer, Cham. 

Michael Stausberg, Stuart A. Wright, and Carole M. Cusack (eds) 2020. The Demise of Religions: How Religions End, Die or Dissipate. Bloomsbury, London. 
 
Possamai, Adam, and Anthony J. Blasi (eds) 2020. The SAGE Encyclopedia of the Sociology of ReligionSage, Los Angeles. 

Possamai, Adam, and Giuseppe Giordan (eds) 2020. The Social Scientific Study of Exorcism in Christianity. Springer, Cham.

Stuart A. Wright, Michael Stausberg and Carole M. Cusack 2020.How Religions End: Terms and Types. In The Demise of Religions: How Religions End, Die or Dissipate, edited by Michael Stausberg, Stuart A. Wright, and Carole M. Cusack, 13-30. Bloomsbury, London. 

AASR November Newsletter

Call for Papers:

Conferences
36th ISSR/SISR ‘Religion in Global/Local Perspectives: Diffusion, Migration, Transformation’ Conference, 12-15 July 2021 (digital only), Taipei, Taiwan. Call for sessions extended till 14 December 2020. Call for papers revised: 8 January to 28 February 2021. More info
Center for Critical Research on Religion and Queens University Belfast, conference on “Critical Approaches to the Study of Religion”, 11-14 June 2021. Proposal deadline 15 January 2021. More info.
3rd ANU Religion Conference – Religion and Migration: Culture and Policy. Canberra, 8-10 December 2021. Proposal deadline 21 May 2021. More info 

Publications
Call for Book Proposals in Modern East Asian Religion and Culture
Call for papers for the International Journal for the Study of New Religions
Call for papers on Religions’ special issue: ‘Religion, Law and Politics‘. Deadline 18 December 2020. 
Call for paper for a thematic issue of Religion: Emic Categories and New Paths / Case Studies in the Scholarly Use of Indigenous Concepts (working title). Deadline Feb 2021. 
Call for papers: Special Issue on “Historizing Islamophobia”. Deadline February 2021. 

Teaching Resources
Adeana McNicholl and Ann Gleig are looking for material to include in their co-directed project “Teaching Resources for Buddhism, race and racism,” which is being hosted at teachingbuddhism.net and funded by The Robert H.N. Ho Family Foundation at the University of Toronto.  Our aim is to compile and provide a comprehensive list of primary and secondary material as well as teaching resources, including syllabi, lesson plans, and strategies, when teaching issues of race and racism in Buddhist Studies courses. Topics can include Orientalism, decolonization, race, and ethnicity anywhere in the Buddhist world. 

Please send any relevant material to Adeana McNicholl at adeana.mcnicholl@vanderbilt.edu and Ann Gleig at ann.gleig@ucf.edu
 
Event:
Dr Anna Halafoff will be speaking at an international workshop Religion and Science in Covid Times: Research Perspectives, organised by UAB Barcelona and the International Organization of Scientific Research: November 19th & 20th, 2020 | Central European Time (UTC +1)The Australian Sociology Association (TASA) has a series of presentations on Religion. Registration and details.‘Religion and Public Life in Australia’ on 24 Nov 2020, 1-2.30pm.’Grants Capture in the Australian Research Council’s “Religion and Religious Studies” Field Code’ on 24 November 2020, 3.30-5pmBook Launch – The Sage Encyclopedia of the Sociology of Religion, 25 Nov 2020, 2-2.30pm
Latest Publications:
Sarah K. Balstrup (2020), Spiritual Sensations: Cinematic Religious Experience and Evolving Conceptions of the Sacred. Bloomsbury Academic. 
Kim, David W. (2020), Daesoon Jinrihoe in Modern Korea: The Emergence, Transformation and Transmission of a New Religion. Newcastle, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. 

AASR October Newsletter

The Call for Paper for the 45th Annual Conference of the Australian Association for the Study of Religion (AASR) is now open. Submission for abstracts is open till 31 October 2020. We strongly encourage postgraduate students to participate (free registration). Please check out our website for more information. We look forward to seeing you there.

Call for Papers:

Conferences
36th ISSR/SISR ‘Religion in Global/Local Perspectives: Diffusion, Migration, Transformation’ Conference, 12-15 July 2021, Taipei, Taiwan. Call for sessions: 15 July to 15 September 2020. Call for papers: 1 October to 15 November 2020. More info
Center for Critical Research on Religion and Queens University Belfast, conference on “Critical Approaches to the Study of Religion”, 11-14 June 2021. Proposal deadline 15 January 2021. More info
.3rd ANU Religion Conference – Religion and Migration: Culture and Policy. Canberra, 8-10 ecember 2021. Proposal deadline 21 May 2021. More info 

Publications
Call for papers for the International Journal for the Study of New Religions
Call for papers on Religions’ special issue: ‘Religion, Law and Politics‘. Deadline 18 December 2020. Call for paper for a thematic issue of Religion: Emic Categories and New Paths / Case Studies in the Scholarly Use of Indigenous Concepts (working title). Deadline Feb 2021. 
Call for papers: Special Issue on “Historizing Islamophobia”. Deadline February 2021. 

Latest Publications:
Faber, Roland (2019), Ocean of God: On the Transreligious Future of Religions. Anthem Press.
Foroutan, Yaghoob (2020), Ethnic or Religious Identities?: Multicultural Analysis in Australia from Socio-Demographic PerspectiveJournal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies, 7 (1): 1-19.
Kim, David (2020), Daesoon Jinrihoe in Modern Korea: The Emergence, Transformation and Transmission of a New Religion. Newcastle, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. 

AASR September Newsletter

The Call for Paper for the 45th Annual Conference of the Australian Association for the Study of Religion (AASR) is now open. Submission for abstracts is open till 31 October 2020. Please check out our website for more information. We look forward to seeing you there.

Call for Papers:

Conferences
36th ISSR/SISR ‘Religion in Global/Local Perspectives: Diffusion, Migration, Transformation’ Conference, 12-15 July 2021, Taipei, Taiwan. Call for sessions: 15 July to 15 September 2020. Call for papers: 1 October to 15 November 2020. More info

A Continuing Legacy of Persian Poetry and Music, Australian National University, 27 November 2020. Submission deadline 20 September 2020. More info

3rd ANU Religion Conference – Religion and Migration: Culture and Policy. Canberra, 8-10 December 2021 (new date). Proposal deadline 21 May 2021. More info 

Publications
Call for Chapters: Exploring multilingualism, religion and spirituality in Australian life. Deadline 15 September 2020. 

Call for paper: Religions‘ special issue: “Pandemic, Religion and Non-religion”Deadline 31 August 2020. 

Call for papers on Religions’ special issue: ‘Religion, Law and Politics‘. Deadline 18 December 2020. 

Call for papers: Special Issue on “Historizing Islamophobia”. Deadline February 2021. 
Virtual Events
Please note some activities from IAHR that may be of interest:
1. Virtual Book Fair 

2. The IAHR webinar: “Reflections on the Study of Religion in Aotearoa/New Zealand: Past, Present, and Prospect”Roundtable participants, in order of speaking: Profs. Paul Morris, Will Sweetman, John Shaver, and Ben Schonthal. Chair: Prof. Ann Taves (IAHR Vice-President)
Time: Sep 16, Wed, 8:00PM-9:30PM GMT  (=Sep 17, 08:00AM in Auckland, New Zealand)
https://otago.zoom.us/j/99875715215?pwd=eVltVHJZT1UwN0NVNWxkNGVIc0dUZz09
Meeting ID: 998 7571 5215, Passcode: 882084

3. The IAHR-WSN webinar: “Announcing a New IAHR Women Scholars Network Webinar Series”Presenters: Profs. Rosalind Hackett, Morny Joy (founders), Jenny Berglund, Jay Johnston (outgoing coordinators), Milda Ališauskienė, Amy Allocco, (incoming coordinators)Program:Introducing the IAHR-WSNPresentation of founders and coordinatorsPlanned future activitiesSuggestions from members on future activitiesQuestions & Answers
Time: Sep 21, Mon, 2:00 PM-3:00PM GMT
https://zoom.us/j/94932973049?pwd=Rm5iYk10SDdLaTk2dTdrS0lqZU1QZz09
Meeting ID: 949 3297 3049, Passcode: 465973
Grant/PhD/Job Opportunities:
Research Fellow in Ecotheology / Philosophy of Religion, University of Oslo Faculty of Theology

PhD Position in Framing of Apocrypha in Coptic Manuscripts, University of Oslo The Faculty of Theology
Latest Publications:
Cusack, Carole M. (2020), ‘Anne Hamilton-Byrne and the Family: Charisma, Criminality, and Media in the Construction of an Australian ‘Cult’ Leader‘, Nova Religio: The Journal of Alternative and Emergent Religions 24(1): 31-54. 

Cusack, Carole M. (2020), ‘The Enneagram: G. I. Gurdjieff’s Esoteric Symbol‘, Aries: Journal for the Study of Western Esotericism 20(1): 31-54. 
 
Cusack, Carole M. (2020), ‘Leaving New Religious Movements’, in Daniel Enstedt, Göran Larsson, and Teemu T. Mantsinen (eds), Handbook of Leaving Religion, Leiden and Boston: Brill, 231-241. 

Cusack, Carole M. (2020), ‘Esoteric Tourism in Scotland: Rosslyn Chapel, The Da Vinci Code, and the Appeal of the ‘New Age’’, in Jonathan M. Wooding and Lorna Barrow (eds), Prophecy, Memory and Fate in the Early and Medieval Celtic World, Sydney Series in Celtic Studies, Sydney University Press, 247-270. 

Cusack, Carole M. (2020), ‘Fiction and the Memory of ‘Cultic Violence’: Charisma, Power and Gender in Peoples Temple and the Manson Family’, New Literary Observer, No. 163 (Russian). 

Kim, David W. (ed)(2020) New Religious Movements in Modern Asian History: Sociocultural Alternatives. Rowman & Littlefield. 

Rane, Halim et al (2020), ‘Islam in Australia: A National Survey of Muslim Australian Citizens and Permanent Residents’Religions, 11, 419.
 
Milani, Milad (2020), ‘The “Sufism” of Monsieur Ibrahim’, Cultural Fusion of Sufi Islam: Alternative Paths to Mystical Faith, Routledge 9781138615038.

Milani, Milad (2020), ‘Shariati, Ali’, The SAGE Encyclopedia of the Sociology of Religion, Sage Publications 9781473942202.

Milani, Milad (2020), ‘Neo-Sufism’, The SAGE Encyclopedia of the Sociology of Religion, Sage Publications 9781473942202.

Milani, Milad (2020), ‘Sufism’, The SAGE Encyclopedia of the Sociology of Religion, Sage Publications 9781473942202.

Trompf, G. and Milani, Milad (2019), ‘From “Zurvanism” to Mazdak’, The Gnostic World, Routledge 9781138673939.

Milani, Milad (2019), ‘Classic Sufism and Gnosis’, The Gnostic World, Routledge 9781138673939.

Call for chapters: The lived religious lives of women in 21st century Britain

Dr Rachael Shillitoe is putting out a call for papers for a book on the lived religious lives of women in 21st century Britain. The term lived religion is being described as the ways in which religion is practiced and applied in everyday lives. This may or may not include worship in a religious setting and can be formal or informal.

This topic will be examined across religions and religious denominations. This can include atheism, spirituality, humanism etc. This may include topics such as:

  • Food
  • Clothing
  • Prayer
  • Female Ordination
  • Navigating the patriarchy in conservative religious denominations
  • Ritual
  • Women only religious spaces
  • Solidarity and support through religion
  • Family worship and religious observation

Chapter lengths should be around 6000 – 8000 words.

Please submit an abstract no longer than 500 words by September 30th 2020 to:

Yvonne Bennett y.bennett49@canterbury.ac.uk<mailto:y.bennett49@canterbury.ac.uk>
Canterbury Christ Church University

The book has been commissioned by Vernon Press.

Call for Chapters: SPR-Sponsored Book Project – “Is There Life After Death? Arguments, Theories, Evidence”

Deadline for abstracts: 8 June 2020, but please apply early.

Edited by Dr Leo Ruickbie and Robert McLuhan for the Society for Psychical Research

Rationale
It is one of the fundamental questions that everyone will ask themselves, but in an age of global pandemics, with the increasing challenge to once universal religious certainties and the growing partisan stranglehold on information, the question ‘what happens to the human personality after death?’ takes on renewed urgency to seek answers from every discipline of knowledge, from history to computer science. This volume aims to bring together the different strands of that wide inquiry with contributions from experts in their fields to provide a uniquely valuable reference book, reflecting the state-of-the-art of research. To this end, contributions are invited from historians, sociologists, anthropologists, psychologists, parapsychologists, philosophers, physicists, medical researchers, computer scientists and others.

This book project is being conducted under the auspices of the Society for Psychical Research. Established in 1882, the SPR is the world’s oldest, largest and most reputable organisation for the scientific study of what we now call the ‘paranormal’. This is a once-in-a-generation opportunity to contribute to a project of fundamental importance and a unique chance to join the SPR’s long tradition of open-minded inquiry.

Confirmed contributors include, in alphabetical order, Dr Edward F. Kelly, Dr David Luke, Dr James G. Matlock, Dr Jeffrey Mishlove, Prof. Chris Roe, Dr Rupert Sheldrake and Dr Jim B. Tucker.

Subjects
In relation to the focus question ‘is there life after death?’, topics can include, but are not limited to, the following:

Historical aspects and insights
Spiritualism and survival
Modern experiments to find proof of an afterlife
Mental mediumship
Physical mediumship
Psychological explanations, e.g., multiple personality
Near-Death Experiences (NDEs)
Death-bed visions
Apparitions and hauntings
Poltergeists
Possession
Reincarnation
After-Death Communication (ADC)
Electronic Voice Phenomena (EVP)
Instrumental Transcommunication (ITC)
‘Survival’ through technology
Whole brain emulation, mind uploading
Neuroscience of consciousness after death
Psychedelics, DMT as the NDE-ogen
Physics, quantum physics
Parallel universe and multiverses
Controversies around the ‘survival hypothesis’

Style
In addition to being academically rigorous, the tone of the book will focus on accessibility, aiming to create a readable and interesting volume that will appeal to non-academic, as well as academic audiences. Scholarly  apparatus (notes, bibliography) will be required.

Length
Individual chapters will be expected to be within the range of 4,000 to 6,000 words, but ideally 5,000 words. The book will be c.100,000 words in length, featuring approx. 15-20 contributions.

Proposals
Send an abstract of 300 words plus brief biography to Dr Leo Ruickbie at paranormalreview@spr.ac.uk.

Deadlines

Deadline for abstracts: 8 June 2020, but please apply early.
Deadline for chapters: 1 October 2020. 

Call for Papers: Bloomsbury Handbook of Religion, Gender, and Sexuality

Proposals Due: April 31st 2020

Acceptance Response: June 31st 2020

Contributors’ Chapters Due: February 28th 2021

Editors: Dawn Llewellyn, Sian Hawthorne, and Sonya Sharma

We are seeking papers for a new peer-review edited volume The Bloomsbury Handbook of Religion, Gender, and Sexuality:

https://www.bloomsbury.com/uk/series/bloomsbury-handbooks-in-religion/.

The aim is to generate a globally diverse, interdisciplinary and intersectional collection that captures emerging and contemporary themes and questions for the study of religions, genders, and sexualities.

We are looking for in-depth, scholarly essays, from a range of theoretical, methodological and disciplinary perspectives (conceptual and empirical). The Handbook aims to be a reference point for scholars and students searching for innovative engagements with critical issues relating to religion, gender, and sexuality.

We are seeking:

  • to raise future-forming questions and provocations for religions, genders, and sexualities
  • to represent themes and issues emerging from broad geographical contexts
  • to explore religion and spirituality within and beyond institutional and historical settings;
  • to promote the intersectional analyses of religion, gender, and sexuality with different identities and social locations
  • such as race, nationalism, embodiment, class, economic status, and disability/ableness
  • to advocate that religion is significant for gender, feminist and women’s studies, and is a crucial social and political force in everyday life.

This is, genuinely, an open call for papers, and indicative topics can include but are not limited to:

  • politics and activism
  • migration, diaspora, and transnational networks
  • material cultures and products
  • texts (literatures, scriptures, digital media, archives,
  • documents, popular culture, arts, visual cultures, for example)
  • well-being and healthcare
  • the body and embodiment
  • intimacies and relationships
  • individual, communal, and social identities
  • practices, beliefs, and experiences
  • violence, oppressions and emancipations
  • technologies
  • spaces

Proposals for chapters between 8,000 – 10,000 words (depending on the topic)

Please send proposals to all three editors:
d.llewellyn@chester.ac.uk
sh79@soas.ac.uk
sonya.sharma@kingston.ac.uk

Please including the following:

  • name, affiliation (if relevant), and any other helpful information
  • an abstract (max 200 words)
  • a proposal (max 1000 words)
  • anticipated word count for completed chapter

We welcome contributions from independent scholars, authors at all career stages and collaborative pieces. Please do feel free to contact the editors with any questions, at any stage.

Call for Manuscripts: Ritual Festival & Celebration Series

Proposals for new books in the series should be presented to series editor Jack Santino, at jsantin@bgsu.edu.

Utah State University Press

Celebrations, festivals, and rituals richly express the cultural values of the people who create and participate in them. Volumes in the Ritual, Festival, and Celebration series explore such traditions, both ancient and contemporary, with an emphasis on the political and contested, as well as as the celebratory. We are interested in interdisciplinary approaches: folklore, anthropology, performance studies, and others.